It is Punjabi tradition to wear a set of bangles commonly called a “Chura” (sometimes spelled “choora” or “chuda” or "chooda") on a Punjabi wedding day. The chura usually consists of 21 bangles, though it depends on the bride’s preference. It is usually red or maroon along with white or ivory accent bangles, though recently, different colors, such as pink and orange, have become more common.
The chura is given to the bride by the bride’s maternal uncle and aunt in a ritual referred to as The Chura Ceremony. For Hindus, one part of this ceremony is a Puja or Havan. The chura is cleansed in milk mixed with water and rose petals, which is often called kachi lassi, and then touched by each of the relatives as a symbol of their blessing, before being given to the bride. In some places, the bride is not allowed to see her chura before the wedding. She closes her eyes when it is given, and then it is covered with a white cloth until the wedding starts, so that it cannot be seen.
The bride’s chura is said to bring good luck to the newlyweds. It is a symbol of fertility, fortune and prosperity. The bangles are worn for at least 45 days, minimum, and maximum of one and a half years after the wedding. This is because it is a sign of a married woman. When the chura is to be taken off, the bride cannot do it herself. There is another ceremony, called Chura Wadhana. In this ritual, the bride’s sister-in-law is the only one who can remove it from the bride’s wrist. If the bride wants to wear it for a longer time, the sister-in-law only removes two bangles from each hand, and then places it back.
Often, the bride’s sisters and friends hang Kalires on the bride’s chura, to remind her of her friends and family when she leaves them behind, as well as to wish her good luck. The kalires are usually gold, but often silver as well. Sometimes, dry fruits and nuts are encrusted onto the kalire for another ritual. After the wedding, the bride shakes her bangles over every unmarried girls’ head, and it is said that if a leaf falls onto one of them, she will be the next to get married. This is similar to the throwing of a bride’s bouquet in English and American weddings.
These days, a lot of these traditions are not followed, such as covering the chura or having a Chura Wadhana ceremony. Regardless, these are sacred rituals and part of Punjabi Heritage.
If you have had a punjabi wedding, did you follow these traditions? What color was your chura? How many bangles did it have? Leave a comment with your answers!
Do you need a chura for your own wedding? If so, you can head over to our site, AmazelDesigns.com and browse our vast collections of these traditional bangles and other jewelry. If you don’t find anything you like, feel free to contact us and we can customize one just for you! On top of that, we’ll ship to you for free; no minimum total!